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JLPT N5

Minna no Nihongo 1 | Lesson 7-3

Lesson 7ー3

1. Vocabulary

Let’s study vocabulary together through this clip !

2.Grammar・Structure

After watching the explanation clip about grammar , read all the examples !

《Grammar》

31③「(人)に(もの)をあげます」

③「(人)に(もの)をあげます」
(Give something to someone)

When you use a verb that has a meaning of giving, teaching other person stuff or information.There must be a 「に」behind that receiving person.

*Caution*
❌ 山本(やまもと)さんは 私(わたし)に プレゼントを あげます。
Yamamoto gives me a present
(Wrong sentence)

When you use 「あげます」( give ) ,you can not put 「私(わたし)」before the particle「に」.
( In other words, you can not say : ‘someone gives me something’ with 「あげます」 in Japanese )

With the wrong sentence above, you can replace「あげます」with 「くれます」and the sentence will be come a correct sentence.

◯ 山本(やまもと)さんは 私(わたし)に プレゼントを くれます。
Yamamoto gives me a present.

→(「くれます」 is a grammar structure that you will learn in Lesson24-1)

1.私(わたし)は 山本(やまもと)さんに プレゼントを あげます。
I give Yamamoto a present.

2.マリーさんも 山本(やまもと)さんに プレゼントを あげます。
Mari gives Yamamoto a present.

3.田中(たなか)さんは 私(わたし)に 何(なに)を あげますか。
What does Tanaka give me?

  私(わたし)は 山本(やまもと)さんに チョコレートを あげます。
I will give Yamamoto some chocolates.

4.山本(やまもと)さんは 誰(だれ)に プレゼントを あげますか。
To whom does Yamamoto give a present ?

  私(わたし)は みなさんに プレゼントを あげます。
I will give everybody a present.

The end

Have you understood the grammar of lesson 7-3 yet ?

If you have understood it, you should try to make some examples with the learned grammar!

Next, let’s study vocabulary and grammar of lesson 7-4 !→ Lesson7ー4

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