Minna no Nihongo 1 | Lesson 5-4

Lesson 5ー4

1. Vocabulary

Let’s study vocabulary together through this clip !

2.Grammar・Structure

After watching the explanation clip about grammar , read all the examples !

《Grammar》

24④「〜月・・日に〜Vます」

④「〜月・・日に〜Vます」(Do something in/on …………………) (a certain date)

When talk about date in Japanese、with month we use「月(がつ)」(month)、with day we use「日(にち)」(day) and put number before them。

When you put 4,7,9 before month, they are pronounced different than common number pronunciation。

▶4(よん)→4月(しがつ)
▶7(なな)→7月(しちがつ)
▶9(きゅう)→9月(くがつ)

With day, if you put the number in the list below here before them, the way of pronouncing, reading will also change。

▶1(いち)→1日(ついたち)
▶2(に)→2日(ふつか)
▶3(さん)→3日(みっか)
▶4(よん)→4日(よっか)
▶5(ご)→5日(いつか)
▶6(ろく)→6日(むいか)
▶7(なな)→7日(なのか)
▶8(はち)→8日(ようか)
▶9(きゅう)→9日(ここのか)
▶10(じゅう)→10日(とおか)
▶14(じゅうよん)→14日(じゅうよっか)
▶20(にじゅう)→20日(はつか)
▶24(にじゅうよん)→24日(にじゅうよっか)

When you ask about time, you can use; for example:
「何時(なんじ)」(what time is it?)、「何曜日(なんようび)」( what day is it ?)、「何月何日(なんがつなんにち)」(what is today’s date ?)
you combine「何(なん)」(what?) with「時間(じかん)」(time)「曜日(ようび)」(day in a week )「月(がつ)」(month)「日(にち)」(day) to ask about date, time。

You can also use「いつ」(when) as another way to ask about time, date. With「いつ」do not add「に」behind it.

*Caution*
With the following words do not add 「に」 behind them:
明日(あした)(tomorrow)・来週(らいしゅう)(next week)・先週(せんしゅう)(last week)
来月(らいげつ)(next month)・先月(せんげつ)(last month)・来年(らいねん)(next year).

1. 私(わたし)は6月(がつ)1日(ついたち)にアメリカへ行(い)きます。
I will go to America on June 1st.

2. いつアメリカへ帰(かえ)りますか。
When will you go back to America

  〇土曜日(どようび)にアメリカへ帰(かえ)ります。
I will go back to America on Saturday

  〇土曜日(どようび)アメリカへ帰(かえ)ります。
I will go back to America on Saturday

  ❌来週(らいしゅう)にアメリカへ帰(かえ)ります。
On next week, I will go back to America
( wrong sentence)

  〇来週(らいしゅう)アメリカへ帰(かえ)ります。
Next week, I will go back to America

The end

Have you understood the grammar of lesson 5-4 yet ?

If you have understood it, you should try to make some examples with the learned grammar!

Next, let’s study vocabulary and grammar of lesson 6-1 !→ Lesson6ー1

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